The Shaking Ground of Traditional Chronology

Series 1 Post 1

Where to start?

Ancient Egypt’s 18th dynasty is the most logical place for me to begin.  It is where I started decades ago with a book on the young Pharaoh Tutankhamun.  According to traditional Iron Age biblical chronology, it is the 18th dynasty that holds the key to the biblical Exodus.  Despite the inability of archaeology to place Exodus to an exact time, or even a Pharaoh in the 18th dynasty, this tradition holds.  While the vast new knowledge of the entire 18th dynasty, shows it was the period of Egypt’s great empire building from a reunited local kingdom to an international power.  In the minds of traditional biblical chronologists, it is the time when the Exodus leaves a repenting Egypt caught in the woes of God’s judgment on it.

Dating of the 18th dynasty as the period of Exodus began with Flavius Josephus and early Christian Fathers (Adler, 1989: 15—73).  Later chronologists have accepted for the most part this dating until modern times.  After all the 17th century English scholars took the reign of Pharaoh Shoshenq I ca. 943 and added 480 years arriving in the 18 dynasty 1425 BCE.  To them, not knowing as much about the 18th dynasty as is known today.  It was simple take the time of Shoshenq I add that famous 1King 6:1 480 years and you have the date of the Exodus.

Pharaoh Tutankhamen’s death mask of solid gold with precious stone inserts 18th dynasty Ancient Egypt.

It is not possible to merge this ancient opinion with the new knowledge from the 20thcentury into a comprehensive flowing history.  One or the other is mistaken.  I chose as mistaken, the men from the past whose opinion is based upon informed knowledge, not scientific technique from the 20th century.If, Exodus is not to be found in the 18th dynasty as the physical, evidence indicates; where is it then, if based upon a real event?  Egypt’s ancient history is very long.  I faced one of my first decisions to go with archaeological history versus theological, doctrinal truths.  I would not be disappointed in choosing the history that archaeology brings forth.


I remind the faithful.  Faith is to be in God alone, not the in the knowledge of faithful human beings.  Claiming faith provides acceptance of untruths over reality is simply wrong.

Work Cited

Adler, William.  Time Immemorial; Archaic History and Its Sources in Christian Chronology from Julius Africanus to George Syncellus.  Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1989.  15—73  Print.

© Abram Back in Time 2000-2107.  All Rights Reserved.



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